Project Management

[ Project Management Topics ]

No system is ever completely debugged. Attempts to debug a system inevitably introduce new bugs that are even harder to find. (Keogh, 2002, p. 19)

Project Integration Management

Now one thing you need to do as a project manager is make sure that the project is integrated into the workings of the business not only when it is being developed (allocation of resources and manpower to the project without negatively affecting the operations of the company or other projects) but also at completion by ensuring the project outcome actually does end up integrated into the business or business processes. On thing you will want to make sure you do right up front is develop a project charter. A project charter is a document issued by senior management that formally authorizes the existence of a project and provides the project manager with the authority to apply organizational resources to project activities. Share this with everyone you think may be affected (all stakeholders) so that everyone acknowledges the existence and importance of the project.

Next, when you are working out scheduling and required resources, make sure you communicate these needs clearly and to all persons potentially affected. If you need the one programmer on staff, for example, for a month in January, you need to be sure that upper management and other project managers/coordinators are aware of this need as it may affect other things he is working on. You also need to make sure the programmer is actually available and not on vacation or otherwise. Next, you need to make sure there is a commitment of his time, and that you will not become a lessor priority when the time actually arises. Through positive communication and expressing why this project is important to the company as a whole you can avoid feelings of overbearance or controlling from the other parties. To the degree possible you want your project to be seen as a benefit and a "win" by all involved.

Now, when the project is actually close to completion (and throughout the project) make sure you are working on addressing how the project outcome will be integrated into the company and by whom. Make sure the people who need to know the details about the project know the details. For example, if you are developing a new super cool widget, then you need to be sure the sales people know all about it, and need to be sure the marketing department is putting processes in place to market it. Or if you are implementing a new database feature, you need to make sure all appropriate individuals are trained and understand why the change in process is occurring. Inertia says that a body in straight line motion will be inclined to stay in motion in a straight line unless acted on by an outside force, this goes for human nature as well, we will keep doing what we have been doing unless we have a motivating reason not to.