Project Management

[ Project Management Topics ]

Roles in Project Management

Project Manager Role

Ok, that is all well and good, but what is the actual role of a project manager anyway? Well, a project manager is the person who takes overall responsibility (accountability) for coordinating a project to make sure the desired end result is met on time and within budget.

Common attributes of a strong project manager include:

Common project manager tasks include:

The Project Management Institute (2000) notes nine areas of expertise for project managers: cost, time, scope, quality, communications, human resources, contracts, supplies, and risk management

Project Team Role

The primary role of the project team is to see the project to completion. Their focus should be on ensuring the project goals and expectations are met, within budget and timeframe and of the expected quality. They often will need to work together and clearly communicate when milestones have been met so the team can successfully move forward. If one task area of the team is not able to perform their task or falls behind schedule, it is important they inform all other team members down the line as it will likely affect their timelines as well. Our Keogh reading (2002) says it well, "a project is similar to a football game where the project manager is the coach and members of the project team are the players who win or lose the game." (p. 10)

Management Role

The role of management is to support the project both financially and priority-wise. They are also responsible for making any key decisions that must be made and for accepting/denying any scope change requests. For a project to be successful it needs the support of management in resource allocation and priority - no matter how good a project is, if you do not have ample and timely resources available the project will stall or fail. For example, if you need a particular server upon which to install your software but are not supplied the server nor is the network administrator granted permission to incorporate a new server into the network, you will be at a stall until these needs are met.

----- REFERENCES -----

Project Management Institute (2000). A Guide to the Project Managment Body of Knowledge. Newton Square, PA: Project Management Institute, Inc.